More than 39,000 Iraqis have died as a direct consequence of combat or armed violence since the start of the US invasion in 2003. The estimation, made by the Swiss Institute of International Studies, provides figures considerably higher than those reported earlier: the Iraqi Body Count, based on press reports, for example, estimated that the number of Iraqis killed by violent means in the last two years is 28,000.
The Swiss institutes's estimation is based (and complements) on that made by the British medical journal The Lancet some months ago, when it estimated at 100,000 the number of deaths caused by the invasion, comparing the previous and the current mortality rates. The Swiss refer only to victims of acts of war; the difference between its estimation and that of the British journal is due to the worsening in living and health conditions as a result of the invasion.
These estimations are necessary because the US High Command never bothered to keep records of civilians assassinated by their troops.
Other estimations indicate that the bombing of cities and neighborhoods, the fire of armored vehicles and heavy machine guns and the US attacks have caused “more than double the number of deaths” than the attacks of the resistance (El País, 16/7).